1865- Sheridan turns Lee's flank at Petersburg by defeating Maj. Gen. George Pickett at Five Forks Va.
1863- Bread riot takes place in Richmond. 1865- Grant breaks through Lee's lines at Petersburg; Confederate Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill is killed. - Abandoning Petersburg, Lee begins to retreat westward toward Amelia Court House. - The Confederate government flees from Richmond. - Wilson's Federal cavalry captures Selma, Ala.
1865- Federal troops enter Richmond and Petersburg, Va.
1861- Lincoln orders a relief expedition to Fort Sumter. 1862- McClellan's Union army on the Peninsula starts its advance on Richmond. 1865- Lincoln visits Richmond and meets with Union and Confederate figures.
1839- Robert Smalls (USN), the only black naval captain during the Civil War, is born in Beaufort, S.C. 1862- McClellan besieges the Confederate defenses at Yorktown, Va. 1865- Sheridan blocks Lee's escape route south from Amelia Court House; Lee moves west toward Lynchburg, Va. -Civil government is restored in Tennessee
1862- Confederate maul Grant's army in a surprise attack at Shiloh; A.S. Johnston is killed, and Beauregard takes command of the Rebel army. 1865- Grant cuts off and captures Lee's rear guard under Ewell at Saylor's Creek, Va.
1862- Buell's reinforcement of Grant at Shiloh turns the battle in the Federals favor, forcing Beauregard to retreat to Corinth, Miss 1863- Federal Rear Adm. Samuel F. Du Pont's attack on Fort Sumter is repulsed. 1865- Lee's troops fight off a Union attack at Farmville. - Grant and Lee enter into correspondence leading to surrender.
1861- The relief expedition for Fort Sumter sails from New York. 1862- Over 5,000 Confederates on Island No.10 surrender to Maj. Gen. John Pope, opening more of the Mississippi River. 1864- At Sabine Crossroads, La., Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Taylor blocks Banks' advance on Shreveport, halting the Red River Campaign. 1865- Sheridan Reaches Appomattox Station to cut off Lee's retreat.
1865- Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia to Grant at Appomattox Court House, Va.
1865- Gen. Lee issues his last general orders, bidding "an affectionate farewell" to his troops.
1862- Fort Pulaski is taken by Federal troops to insure the blockade of Savannah, Ga. 1863- Longstreet opens siege of Suffolk, Va. 1864- Civil government is restored in Arkansas.
1861- Confederates open fire on Fort Sumter. 1862- "The Great Locomotive Chase" ends in northern Georgia; Federal raider James J. Andrews and seven of his men are hanged as spies. 1864- Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tenn., and is accused of the massacre of Federal Negro troops. 1865- Wilson's Union cavalry captures Montgomery, Ala. - Federal troops enter Mobile, Ala. - At Greensboro, N.C., Johnston tells Jefferson Davis that further resistance is impossible.
1861- Fort Sumter surrenders. 1865- Sherman enters Raleigh, N.C.
1865- Maj. Gen. Robert Anderson raises over Fort Sumter the same flag he had lowered four years earlier. - John Wilkes Booth shoots Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington, and Lewis Paine wounds Secretary of State Seward.
1861- Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers. 1865- Abraham Lincoln dies, and Andrew Johnson succeeds to the Presidency.
1862- The Confederate Congress votes conscription of able-bodied men between 18 and 35; subsequent acts provide exemptions for owners of twenty or more slaves, and by the hiring of a substitute or payment of $500. - Lincoln signs a bill abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia. 1863- Porter's flotilla runs past the Vicksburg guns, preparing the way for Grant's new campaign south and east of the city.
1861- The Virginia convention votes an ordinance of secession. 1863- Col. Benjamin H. Grierson leads a Federal cavalry raid behind Confederate lines in Mississippi to disrupt Rebel communications with Vicksburg. 1864- Grant halts prisoner exchange, increasing the Confederate manpower shortage.
1861- Robert E. Lee is offered command of the Federal armies. - The Union garrison abandons Harpers Ferry. 1865- Johnston and Sherman meet near Raleigh, N.C., where they sign a broad agreement.
1861- The 6th Massachusetts Regiment clashes with a Baltimore mob. - Lincoln proclaims a blockade of Confederate ports from South Carolina to Texas.
1861- Lee resigns from the U.S. Army. - Confederates seize the abandoned Union navy yard at Norfolk, Va.
1865- President Johnson and the cabinet disapprove Sherman's armistice with Johnston and send Grant to North Carolina.
1861- Robert E. Lee is named commander of the forces of Virginia.
1860- Democratic Presidential nominating convention meets in Charleston, S.C.
1865- Pres. Johnson disapproves terms of agreement between Gens. Sherman and Johnston: hostilities must be resumed if there is no surrender.
1862- Flag Officer David G. Farragut captures New Orleans after successfully passing Forts Jackson and St. Philip, which surrender three days later. 1864- Banks retires to Alexandria, La.; low water in the Red River temporarily traps Porter's gunboats.
1865- Johnston accepts from Sherman the same surrender terms Grant offered Lee. - John Wilkes Booth is trapped and killed by Federal cavalry near Bowling Green, Va. - The Confederate cabinet meets for the last time at Charlotte, N.C.
1861- The ports of North Carolina and Virginia are included in the blockade.
1862- At Nassau in the Bahamas, British Oreto arrives to be outfitted as Confederate raider C.S.S. Florida.
1862- Halleck, taking over Grant's army, begins to advance on Beauregard's army at Corinth. 1863- Maj. Gen. George Stoneman leads a Federal cavalry raid behind Lee's lines in Virginia.
1863- After crossing the Rappahannock and Rapidan rivers, Hooker concentrates his Union forces at Chancellorsville, Va. - Grant crosses the Mississippi River to Bruinsburg, Miss., south of Vicksburg. 1864- Steele, defeated by the Confederates at Jenkins Ferry, Ark., is forced to withdraw to Little Rock.