1863- Final Emancipation Proclamation is issued by Pres. Lincoln.
1861- South Carolina troops seize old Fort Johnson in Charleston Harbor. 1863- Bragg renews his attacks on Rosecrans at the Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone River) but is beaten off.
1861- Georgia state troops seize Fort Pulaski before Federal troops can occupy it. 1863- Bragg withdraws from Murfreesboro despite a tactical victory.
1861- Alabama takes over the U.S. arsenal at Mount Vernon. 1864- George Davis replaces Thomas Watts as Confederate Attorney General.
1861- Merchant vessel Star of the West leaves New York for Fort Sumter with supplies and 250 troops.
1865- Gen. Grant asks Pres. Lincoln to remove Gen. Butler from command of the Army of the James.
1863- Three blockade-runners successfully break through the Federal cordon and arrive at Charleston, S.C.
1861- Secretary of the Interior Jacob Thompson of Mississippi resigns. 1863- John P. Usher succeeds Caleb B. Smith as U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
1861- Mississippi becomes the second state to secede from the Union. - South Carolina gunfire prevents the Star of the West from entering Charleston Harbor.
1861- Florida becomes the third state to secede from the Union.
1861- Alabama secedes from the Union becoming the fourth state to secede. - Secretary of the Treasury Philip F. Thomas of Maryland resigns, completing the Southern withdrawal from Buchanan's cabinet. 1862- Simon Cameron resigns as U.S. Secretary of War, to be replaced by Edwin M. Stanton. 1863- Federals capture Fort Hindman on the Arkansas River.
1863- Third session of the First Confederate Congress gathers at Richmond to hear Pres. Davis speak on the State of the Confederacy.
1863- Federal officials formally authorize the raising of Negro roops for the South Carolina Volunteer Infantry.
1861- Louisiana state troops seize Fort Pike near New Orleans.
1862- U.S. Senate confirms the appointment of Edwin M. Stanton as Secretary of War. 1865- Fort Fisher falls to Union Maj. Gen. A.H. Terry, thus closing Wilmington, N.C., the last major Confederate port. - Hood is relieved of command of the Army of Tennessee at his own request.
1861- Arkansas legislature completes a bill calling for referendum on secession.
1861- The Crittenden Compromise, proposing several amendments to the Constitution in order to save the Union, is killed in the U.S. Senate.
1862- The Confederate Territory of Arizona is formed.
1807- Robert Edward Lee (CSA) is born in Stratford, Va. 1861- Georgia secedes from the Union. - Virginia proposes a national peace conference. 1862- Brig. Gen. George Thomas defeats the Confederates at Mill Springs (Logan's Cross Roads), securing Union control of eastern Kentucky.
1861- Ship Island, in the Gulf of Mississippi, is taken over by secessionists.
1824- Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (CSA) is born in Clarksburg, Va. 1861- Five more Southerners, including Jefferson Davis of Mississippi, resign from the U.S. Senate.
1864- Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans is named commander of the Federal Department of the Missouri.
1863- Burnside's Federal army pulls back to Fredericksburg, ending its famed "mud march."
1861- Georgia state troops take over the U.S. arsenal at Augusta.
1825- George Edward Pickett (CSA) is born in Richmond, Va.
1861- Louisiana becomes the sixth state to secede from the Union. 1863- Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker succeeds Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac.
1862- Pres. Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1, ordering Union forces to advance.
1863- A mass meeting in St. Louis ratifies the Emancipation Proclamation.
1861- Kansas is admitted to the Union as the 34th state.
1816- Nathaniel Prentiss Banks (USA) is born in Waltham, Mass.
1865- Gen. Robert E. Lee is appointed General-in-Chief of the Confederate Armies. - The U.S. Congress submits to the states the Thirteenth Amendment, abolishing slavery.