1862- Butler occupies New Orleans and begins his controversial administration of the city. 1863- Grant defeats the Confederates at Port Gibson, Miss.
1863- Jackson routes Hooker's exposed right flank at Chancellorsville; Jackson is accidentally shot by his own men. - Grierson reaches Union lines at Baton Rouge, La.
1860- Democrats adjourn without Presidential ticket after the Deep South withdraws over slavery plank in the platform. 1861- Lincoln calls for 42,034 three-year volunteers and enlarges the regular army and navy. 1863- Stuart replaces Jackson; he and Lee push Hooker back toward the Rappahannock River. - Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick moves to Hookers aid after breaking through the Confederate line at Fredericksburg.
1862- The siege of Yorktown, Va., ends as Confederates under General Joseph E. Johnston retreat. 1863- Lee attacks Sedgwick at Salem Church and drives him back to Fredericksburg. - Longstreet lifts his siege of Suffolk, Va. 1864- Grant crosses the Rapidan River to attack Lee. 1865- Richard Taylor surrenders to E.R.S Canby, ending Confederate resistance east of the Mississippi.
1862- Maj. Gen. Longstreet fights a successful rearguard action against McClellan at Williamsburg. 1864- The armies of Lee and Grant collide in the Wilderness; fighting is indecisive. - Butler's Union Army of the James leaves Fort Monroe to attack Petersburg and Richmond.
1861- Arkansas secedes from the Union. 1863- Hooker retreats across the Rappahannock after his defeat at Chancellorsville. 1864- Longstreet's arrival halts Grant's offensive in the Wilderness; Rebel counterattacks push in both Union flanks; in the fighting Longstreet is wounded by his own men. - Sherman opens his Atlanta Campaign against Johnston's Army of Tennessee.
1861- Tennessee, in effect, secedes from the Union by forming an alliance with the Confederacy. 1864- Grant, resuming his offensive despite the Wilderness defeat, races Lee for Spotsylvania Court House.
1862- Stonewall Jackson defeats Brig. Gen. Robert H. Milroy at McDowell, Va., as part of his Shenandoah Valley Campaign to keep reinforcements from joining McClellan. 1864- Lee wins the race to Spotsylvania and repels Grant's advance units.
1860- Constitutional Union party nominates John Bell and Edward Everett at Baltimore, Md. 1862- McClellan's advance on Richmond forces Confederates to abandon Norfolk. 1864- The Army of Northern Virginia entrenches at Spotsylvania; Union Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick is killed by a sharpshooter. - Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan launches a heavy Union calvary raid on Richmond. - Sherman's first attempt to flank Johnston at Dalton, Ga., fails.
1861- Capt. Nathaniel Lyon secures Federal control of St. Louis after rioting. 1862- Pensacola, Fla., is occupied by the Federals. 1863- Stonewall Jackson dies. 1864- Grant's attack on Lee's Spotsylvania lines are repulsed. - Butler withdraws to Bermuda Hundred after an abortive sortie toward Petersburg, Va. 1865- Jefferson Davis is taken prisoner by Union calvary at Irwinsville, Ga.
1862- The Merrimac is burned to prevent its capture. 1864- Rebel calvary halts Sheridan's Richmond raid at Yellow Tavern; Jeb Stuart is mortally wounded.
1861- Troops of Brig. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler restore full Federal control over Baltimore. 1862- Federal troops occupy Baton Rouge, La. 1863- Grant defeats the Confederates at Raymond, Miss. 1864- After a day-long fight at the "Bloody Angle," Lee mends the break in his Spotsylvania lines. - Butler attacks the Richmond defenses at Drewry's Bluff on the James River.
1861- Queen Victoria proclaims British neutrality, recognizing Confederate as a belligerent. 1863- Joseph E. Johnston assumes command of the Confederate troops in Jackson, Miss. 1864- Johnston withdraws from Dalton to Resaca, Ga. - Porter's flotilla safely passes the rapids at Alexandria, and Banks continues his withdrawal from the Red River Campaign. 1865- The last fighting of the war takes place at Palmitto Ranch, near Brownsville, Texas.
1863- Grant towards Vicksburg after driving Johnston out of Jackson, Miss.
1862- Butler issues his "Woman Order" at New Orleans to halt unladylike insults to Federal soldiers. 1864- Sherman resumes his flanking movement, forcing Johnston to abandon Resaca. - Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge defeats Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel at New Market, Va., halting the Union Shenandoah Valley Campaign.
1860- Republicans convene at Chicago to nominate a Presidential ticket. 1861- The Confederate Congress authorizes the recruiting of 400,000 men. 1863- Grant defeats Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton at the Battle of Champion's Hill as he continues his advance on Vicksburg. 1864- Beauregard drives Butler from Drewry's Bluff back into the Bermuda Hundred defense.
1863- Grant routs Pemberton's rear guard at the Battle of the Big Black River. 1864- Grant continues his effort to flank Lee at Spotsylvania.
1860- Republicans nominate Abraham Lincoln and Hanibal Hamlin. 1863- Pemberton withdraws into Vicksburg defenses.
1863- Grant's assault on Vicksburg is repulsed. 1864- The Rebel attack under Ewell at Spotsylvania fails. - Johnston is flanked out of his Cassville, Ga. Defense line.
1861- Kentucky proclaims its neutrality. - North Carolina secedes from the Union. 1862- The US Congress passes the Homestead Act. 1864- Grant leaves his Spotsylvania lines in an attempt to flank Lee.
1861- The Confederate Congress votes to move the capital to Richmond.
1863- Grant opens the siege of Vicksburg after a second frontal assault on the city fails.
1861- Virginia votes overwhelmingly to join the Confederacy. 1862- Jackson drives the Federals from Front Royal, Va. 1865- A two-day Grand Review of the Federal armies up Washington's Pennsylvania Avenue begins.
1861- 10,000 Federal troops enter Virginia and occupy Alexandria. 1864- Grant finds Lee's new defensive position at the North Anna River too strong. - Sherman advances toward Dallas, Ga., after flanking Johnston from his Allatoona Pass defenses. - Sheridan rejoins Grant.
1862- Jackson routs Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks at Winchester, Va. - Halleck arrives at Corinth, Miss., after a 26-day, twenty-mile advance. 1864- A four-day fight between Johnston and Sherman opens at New Hope Church, Ga.
1865- Kirby Smith surrenders Confederate troops west of the Mississippi to Canby, ending the Civil War.
1863- Banks besieges Confederate-held Port Hudson, La.
1861- Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell is appointed Union commander of the Department of Northeastern Virginia. 1864- Grant and Lee begin a four-day skirmish along Totopotomoy Creek, Va.
1861- Federal troops occupy Newport News, Va.
1862- Beauregard evacuates Corinth.
1862- Joseph E. Johnston is severely wounded at the inclusive Battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines) on the Peninsula. 1864- Dissident Republicans at Cleveland nominate John C. Frémont for President and John Cochrane for Vice President.