1861- Gen. Winfield Scott resigns as Federal General-in-Chief, to be replaced by Gen. George. B. McClellan.
1861- Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont is relieved of command of the Union's Western Department. 1862- Grant launches a campaign from the Tennessee border to capture Vicksburg, Miss.
1816- Jubal Anderson Early (CSA) is born in Franklin County, Va.
1862- With conquest of Vicksburg in mind, Gen. Grant's forces occupy La Grange and Grand Junction, Tenn. - The Republicans suffer a setback in congressional and state elections in the North. 1863- Longstreet's troops are detached from Bragg to attack Burnside at Knoxville.
1818- Benjamin Franklin Butler (USA) is born in Deerfield, N.H. 1862- Pres. Lincoln relieves McClellan of command of the Army of the Potomac, replacing him with Burnside.
1860- Lincoln is elected president of the United States. 1861- Davis and Stephens are elected to full six-year terms as Confederate President and vice-president.
1837- Elijah Parish Lovejoy (b. 1802), U.S. abolitionist and newspaperman, is killed in a riot over the slavery issue; becomes known as the "martyr abolitionist. 1861- Grant suffers a tactical defeat at Belmont, Mo. - Flag Officer Samuel F. Du Pont's Federal forces take Port Royal, S.C.
1861- Capt. Charles Wilkes seizes the Confederate envoys James M. Madison and John Slidell, aboard the British mail steamer Trent . 1864- Abraham Lincoln is reelected president of the U.S., with Andrew Johnson of Tennessee as vice-president.
1825- A.P. (Ambrose Powell) Hill (CSA) is born in Culpepper, Va. 1860- South Carolina calls a secession convention. 1861- Brig. Gen. Don Carlos Buell replaces Sherman.
1860- South Carolina's James Chestnut, a moderate, resigns from the Senate, to be followed by his colleague James H. Hammond. 1862- Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan takes an emotional, spectacular farewell of the Army of the Potomac. 1863- Lee withdraws to a line on the Rapidan River after the indecisive Bristoe Campaign.
1864- Federals at Rome, Ga., destroy bridges, foundries, warehouses, and other property of use to the enemy and proceed toward Atlanta.
1861- The Confederate blockade-runner Fingal, bought in England, arrives in Savannah with military supplies.
1814- Joseph (Fighting Joe) Hooker (USA) is born in Hadley, Mass.
1862- In New Orleans, a proclamation calls for election of members of the U.S. Congress fro portions of the state held by Federals.
1860- Maj. Robert Anderson is sent to take command of Charleston defenses. 1861- The YMCA organizes the U.S. Christian Commission for service to Federal soldiers.
1864- Gen. Sherman and 60,000 Union troops leave burned-out Atlanta, beginning their famous March to the Sea.
1862- Burnside reaches the north bank of the Rappahannock River, opposite Fredericksburg, Va. 1863- Confederate siege of Knoxville Tenn., gets under way; partial siege of Chattanooga continues.
1864- Pres. Davis tells Gen. Howell Cobb at Macon to "get out every man who can render any service even for a short period" to oppose Sherman.
1861- Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck replaces Frémont in command of the Union forces in Missouri. 1863- Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at a dedication ceremony for the new national cemetery. 1864- Hood, joined by Forrest's cavalry, opens a drive on Nashville.
1862- Gen. Lee arrives at Fredericksburg, Va., as buildup of Union and Confederate troops continue on the Rappahannock. 1863- Sherman arrives at Chattanooga with reinforcements from the Army of the Tennessee.
1861- Pres. Davis names Judah P. Benjamin secretary of the war. 1862- Lee's army entrenches in a defensive position at Fredericksburg. - Pres. Davis appoints James A. Seddon as Confederate Secretary of War.
1864- Gen. Slocum's wing of Sherman's army occupies Georgia state capital at Milledgeville.
1803- Theodore Dwight Weld "The Great Abolitionist is born in Hampton, Conn. 1860- Anderson asks for reinforcements at Charleston. 1863- Thomas opens the Battle of Chattanooga by taking Orchard Knob in front of Missionary Ridge.
1862- Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston is assigned to the major command in the West, comprising six states. 1863- Hooker pushes Bragg's men off Lookout Mountain; Sherman crosses the Tennessee River to attack the opposite end of Bragg's Missionary Ridge line.
1863- Sherman's attack on Bragg's right is halted; Thomas' Army of the Cumberland charges up Missionary Ridge to rout the Confederates; Bragg retreats into Georgia. 1864- Confederate agents set fires in ten or more New York hotels and in Barnum's Museum; none does serious damage.
1861- A convention at Wheeling adopts a constitution for a new state to be called West Virginia, created by secession from Virginia. 1863- Meade crosses the Rapidan River to probe the Army of Northern Virginia's defenses along Mine Run, west of Chancellorsville.
1863- Gen. John Hunt Morgan and several of his officers escape from the Ohio State Penitentiary and manage to reach Confederate Territory.
1860- Anderson calls again for reinforcements. 1861- Southern Congress officially admits Missouri to the Confederate States of America.
1863- Longstreet unsuccessfully attacks Union Fort Sanders, guarding Knoxville.
1861- The British government demands the release of Mason and Slidell and an apology for their seizure. 1862- Jackson arrives at Fredericksburg from the Shenandoah Valley. 1863- Gathering his defeated army in northwest Georgia, Braxton Bragg learns that his resignation has been accepted by Jefferson Davis. 1864- Hood makes a heavy frontal attack on Schofield at Franklin, Tenn., but fails to cut off his retreat to Nashville; five Confederate generals are killed.