1864- Famed Confederate spy Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow drowns as she tries to avoid capture.
1800- Nat Turner, slave, leader of insurrection at Southampton, Va., is born in Southampton County.
1863- The Federal War Department orders enlistment of Negro troops in the slave states of Maryland, Missouri, and Tennessee.
1862- Rosecrans defeats Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn at Corinth, Miss., completing Bragg's isolation in Kentucky; this defeat ends with a Confederate withdrawal from an important rail and road center. 1864- Hood strikes at Sherman's rail communications at Big Shanty, Ga.
1863- Confederate torpedo boat David, with a 4-man crew, attacks Federal ironclad New Ironsides outside Charleston Harbor. 1864- Hood's effort to capture the Federal position at Allantoona, Ga., fails.
1861- Confederate blockade-runner Alert is captured by the Federal navy off Charleston, S.C. 1864- After pursuing Early to Harrisonburg, Va., Sheridan devastates the Shenandoah Valley as he withdraws toward Winchester.
1864- Confederates fail to dislodge Union troops from Darbytown and New Market roads, north of the James River. - U.S.S. Wachusett captures the troublesome raider C.S.S. Florida in a controversial action at Bahia, Brazil.
1861- Brig. Gen. William T. Sherman assumes command of the Federal army in central and eastern Kentucky, replacing Robert Anderson. 1862- After Bragg's inconclusive Battle with Buell at Perryville, Bragg and Smith retreat toward Tennessee, thus ending the Confederate invasion of Kentucky.
1863- Lee moves toward Bristoe Station, Va., in an effort to damage the reduced Army of the Potomac. 1864-Union cavalry under George Custer and Wesley Merritt engage and rout Confederates at Tom's Brook, Va.
1862- President Davis asks Virginia for a draft of 4,500 Negroes to work on completion of fortifications of Richmond.
1861- Brig. Gen. William S. Rosecrans assumes command of the Federal Department of West Virginia.
1861- The first ironclad of the Union navy, the gunboat St. Louis, is launched at Carondelet, Mo. 1862- Stuart completes his second ride around McClellan's army after destroying property at Chambersburg, Pa.
1864- Hood damages Sherman's rail communications to Chattanooga; Sherman moves his army from Atlanta to Resaca. - Maryland voters narrowly adopt a new state constitution abolishing slavery.
1863- Confederates strike retreating Federals at Bristoe Station, Va., in an inconclusive engagement.
1863- In Charleston Harbor, Confederate submarine H.L.Hunley sinks for a second time during a practice dive. Seven men, including Hunley, the inventor, die.
1859- John Brown, U.S. abolitionist, leads and unsuccessful raid on the government arsenal at Harpers Ferry.
1863- President Lincoln issues a proclamation calling for 300,000 more volunteers for Federal armies. - Grant is made supreme commander of the Federal forces in the west.
1862- John Hunt Morgan and his Confederate raiders defeat Federal cavalry near Lexington, Ky. 1864- Hood retreats into Alabama.
1863- Thomas replaces Rosecrans as commander of the Union Army of the Cumberland at Chattanooga. 1864- A small Confederate raiding party robs 3 Vermont banks of over 300,000. - Sheridan defeats Early at Cedar Creek, Va., driving the Confederates from the Shenandoah Valley. - Confederate raiders from Canada make a surprise attack on St. Albans, Vt.
1864- President Lincoln proclaims the last Thursday in November "a day of Thanksgiving and Praise to Almighty God..."
1861- Federal troops suffer a dramatic, costly defeat at Ball's Bluff, Va.
1862- Confederate cavalry take London, Ky.
1863- Grant arrives at Chattanooga to take personal command of the Union defensive forces. 1864- Price's raiders are defeated at Westport, Mo., and driven from the state.
1861- Western Union completes the first transcontinental telegraph.
1861- The keel of the ironclad U.S.S. Monitor is laid at Greenpoint, Long Island.
1864- Confederate guerrilla Bloody Bill Anderson is killed in an ambush near Richmond, Mo.
1863- Brig. Gen. William F. Smith opens the " cracker line" supply route into Chattanooga. 1864- The Rebel ram Albemarle is sunk by Lt. William B. Cushing at Plymouth, N.C. - A.P. Hill repulses Grant's attack on the Southside Railroad at Hatcher's Run, Va.
1862- Confederate Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge assumes command of the Army of Middle Tennessee.
1861- The largest combined land-sea expedition ever mounted by the U.S. leaves Hampton Roads, Va., for the Carolina coast and Port Royal.
1862- Rosecrans replaces Buell in command of the Union Army of the Cumberland. 1863- Unconditional unionists of Arkanas meet at Fort Smith, naming a representative to Congress. 1864- Sherman sends Maj. Gen. John Schofield to reinforce Thomas at Nashville and repel Hood's invasion of Tennessee.
1864- Nevada is admitted to the Union as the 36th state.