1862- Union Maj. Gen. Philip Kearny and Isaac I. Stevens are killed as Jackson attacks Pope's forces at Chantilly, Va. 1864- Hood evacuates Atlanta after Sherman reaches Jonesboro, south of the city.
1862- Pope is replaced by McClellan, who takes over the defense of Washington. - Kirby Smith occupies Lexington, Ky. 1863- Burnside occupies Knoxville. 1864- Hood establishes a Confederate defense line at Lovejoy's Station, south of Jonesboro. - Union forces under Gen. Sherman occupy Atlanta.
1864- In Charleston Harbor, Confederate and Union forces exchange captive surgeons and chaplains.
1861- Confederate Maj. Gen. Leonidas Polk seizes Columbus, Ky., ending the state's neutrality. 1863- Bragg retreats as Rosecrans crosses the Tennessee River in his advance upon Chattanooga. 1864- Sherman orders civilians out of Atlanta. - The famed Confederate raider and cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan is killed in a Federal raid on Greeneville, Tenn.
1862- Lee crosses the Potomac into Maryland, opening his first invasion of the North. 1863- Under pressure from the U.S., the British do not deliver two ironclads they have been building for the Confederates.
1819- William Starke Rosecrans (USA) is born in Delaware County, Ohio. 1861- Union troops under Grant take Paducah, Ky.
1862- Lee reaches Frederick, Md. 1863- Fort Wagner, guarding Charleston, is occupied by Union troops. 1864- Sherman orders the civilians that still have not left Atlanta to evacuate the city so that he might more easily feed and supply his army.
1863- Union Rear Adm. John A. Dahlgren's attack on Fort Sumter is repulsed. - Confederates repulse an attack by Union gunboats and transports at Sabine Pass, on the Texas-Louisiana border. 1864- McClellan accepts the Democratic Presidential nomination without endorsing the peace platform.
1862- Lee splits his army and sends Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry, preparatory to invading Pennsylvania. 1863- Federal troops enter Chattanooga after Bragg retreats into northern Georgia.
1836- Joseph (Fighting Joe) Wheeler (CSA) is born in Augusta, Ga. 1861- General Albert Sidney Johnston is given command of the Confederate armies in the west. 1863- Union Maj. Gen. Frederick Steele seizes Little Rock, Ark.
1861- Lincoln orders Frémont to modify his Missouri slave and property confiscation proclamation to conform to the Confiscation Act. - Lee begins the 5-day Cheat Mountain (Va.) Campaign, which ends in a Confederate withdrawal that dims Lee's reputation for some months.
1818- Richard Jordan Gatling, inventor of the first machine gun (Gatling gun), for use in the Civil War, is born in Hertford County, N.C.
1862- McClellan finds a lost copy of Lee's orders, rapped around a cigar, revealing the Confederate troop deployment. 1863- Southern cavalry seize 20 crewman of the U.S.S. Rattler while they attend church at Rodney, Miss.
1862- McClellan breaks through the South Mountain passes at the Battles of Crampton's Gap and South Mountain, forcing Lee to concentrate at Sharpsburg, Md.
1862- Confederates under Jackson capture Harpers Ferry, taking about 12,000 prisoners.
1862- McClellan is in position at Antietem Creek near Sharpsburg; Lee gathers his forces and forms lines.
1861- Judah P. Benjamin succeeds Leroy P. Walker as the Confederate Secretary of War, and Thomas Bragg replaces Benjamin as Attorney General. 1862- McClellan repeatedly attacks Lee in the Battle of Antietem, but neither side can claim a victory in the single bloodiest day of the war. - Bragg captures Munfordville, Ky., astride Buell's communications with Louisville. 1863- Rosecrans concentrates his dispersed troops near Chickamauga Creek in northern Georgia.
1862- Lee retreats to Virginia in the night, ending his invasion threat. 1863- Longstreet's corps begins to arrive by rail from Virginia to reinforce Bragg.
1862- Grant sends Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans to defeat Confederate Maj. Gen. Sterling Price at Iuka, Miss. 1863- The Battle of Chickamauga opens as the Federals left under Thomas absorbs Confederate assaults. 1864- Sterling Price opens a Confederate raid on Missouri. - Federal troops under Sheridan defeat Early's Confederates in the Third Battle of Winchester, Va.
1861- Rebels under Sterling Price capture the Union garrison at Lexington, Mo. 1863- Longstreet breaks the Federal line at Chickamauga; Thomas holds enough for Rosecrans' beaten army to escape to Chattanooga.
1863- Retreating from defeat at Chickamauga, the Federal army occupies a strong defensive position in and around Chattanooga, Tenn.
1862- President Lincoln declares all slaves in rebellious states to be free as of January 1, 1863 in his Emancipation Proclamation. - Bragg reaches Bardstown, Ky., abandoning his drive on Louisville and seeking a juncture with Kirby Smith. 1864- Sheridan routs Early at Fisher's Hill, Va. - Frémont withdraws from the Presidential race.
1829- George Crook (USA) is born near Dayton, Ohio. 1863- Bragg occupies Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain to begin the Confederate siege if Chattanooga.
1862- Fourteen Northern governors meet at Altoona, Pa., and approve emancipation. 1863- 15,000 reinforcements under Hooker from the Army of the Potomac leave Virginia for Chattanooga. 1864- Lincoln asks for Montgomery Blair's resignation as U.S. Postmaster General and replaces him with William Dennison.
1864- Union troops under Sheridan force Jubal Early's Confederates retreat before them as they advance toward Staunton and Waynesborough, Va.
1863- President Lincoln and others are distressed when the New York Post reveals the movement of reinforcements to Chattanooga.
1809- Raphael Semmes, Confederate naval commander responsible for destruction or capture of 64 Union ships, is born in Charles County, Md.
1863- Federal Gens. Alexander McCook and T.L. Crittenden are relieved of their commands and ordered to a court of inquiry because of reasons due to the Battle of Chickamauga. 1864- Hood crosses the Chattahoochee River to strike at Sherman's supply lines. - Sherman sends Thomas to Nashville to contain Forrest in western Tennessee.
1862- Buell reaches Louisville, Ky. - Federal Brig. Gen. Jefferson Davis (no relation) shoots and mortally wounds Brig. Gen. William "Bull" Nelson during a quarrel in a hotel in Louisville. 1864- In an attempted advance on Richmond, Grant captures Fort Harrison but is repulsed at Fort Gilmer in the Battle of New Market Heights, Va.
1864- Lee unsuccessfully counterattacks Fort Harrison.