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April 1
1865- Sheridan turns Lee's flank at Petersburg by defeating Maj. Gen. George
Pickett at Five Forks Va.

April 2

1863- Bread riot takes place in Richmond.

1865- Grant breaks through Lee's lines at Petersburg; Confederate Lt. Gen. A.P.
Hill is killed.

      - Abandoning Petersburg, Lee begins to retreat westward toward Amelia Court

      - The Confederate government flees from Richmond.

      - Wilson's Federal cavalry captures Selma, Ala.

April 3

1865- Federal troops enter Richmond and Petersburg, Va.

April 4

1861- Lincoln orders a relief expedition to Fort Sumter.

1862- McClellan's Union army on the Peninsula starts its advance on Richmond.

1865- Lincoln visits Richmond and meets with Union and Confederate figures.

April 5

1839- Robert Smalls (USN), the only black naval captain during the Civil War, is
born in Beaufort, S.C.

1862- McClellan besieges the Confederate defenses at Yorktown, Va.

1865- Sheridan blocks Lee's escape route south from Amelia Court House; Lee
moves west toward Lynchburg, Va.

      -Civil government is restored in Tennessee

April 6

1862- Confederate maul Grant's army in a surprise attack at Shiloh; A.S. Johnston
is killed, and Beauregard takes command of the Rebel army.

1865- Grant cuts off and captures Lee's rear guard under Ewell at Saylor's Creek,

April 7

1862- Buell's reinforcement of Grant at Shiloh turns the battle in the Federals favor,
forcing Beauregard to retreat to Corinth, Miss

1863- Federal Rear Adm. Samuel F. Du Pont's attack on Fort Sumter is repulsed.

1865- Lee's troops fight off a Union attack at Farmville.

      - Grant and Lee enter into correspondence leading to surrender.

April 8

1861- The relief expedition for Fort Sumter sails from New York.

1862- Over 5,000 Confederates on Island No.10 surrender to Maj. Gen. John Pope,
opening more of the Mississippi River.

1864- At Sabine Crossroads, La., Confederate Maj. Gen. Richard Taylor blocks
Banks' advance on Shreveport, halting the Red River Campaign.

1865- Sheridan Reaches Appomattox Station to cut off Lee's retreat.

April 9

1865- Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia to Grant at Appomattox Court
House, Va.

April 10

1865- Gen. Lee issues his last general orders, bidding "an affectionate farewell" to
his troops.

April 11

1862- Fort Pulaski is taken by Federal troops to insure the blockade of Savannah,

1863- Longstreet opens siege of Suffolk, Va.

1864- Civil government is restored in Arkansas.

April 12

1861- Confederates open fire on Fort Sumter.

1862- "The Great Locomotive Chase" ends in northern Georgia; Federal raider
James J. Andrews and seven of his men are hanged as spies.

1864- Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tenn., and is accused of the massacre of
Federal Negro troops.

1865- Wilson's Union cavalry captures Montgomery, Ala.

      - Federal troops enter Mobile, Ala.

      - At Greensboro, N.C., Johnston tells Jefferson Davis that further resistance is

April 13

1861- Fort Sumter surrenders.

1865- Sherman enters Raleigh, N.C.

April 14

1865- Maj. Gen. Robert Anderson raises over Fort Sumter the same flag he had
lowered four years earlier.

      - John Wilkes Booth shoots Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington, and
Lewis Paine wounds Secretary of State Seward.

April 15

1861- Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers.

1865- Abraham Lincoln dies, and Andrew Johnson succeeds to the Presidency.

April 16

1862- The Confederate Congress votes conscription of able-bodied men between 18
and 35; subsequent acts provide exemptions for owners of twenty or more
slaves, and by the hiring of a substitute or payment of $500.

      - Lincoln signs a bill abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia.

1863- Porter's flotilla runs past the Vicksburg guns, preparing the way for Grant's
new campaign south and east of the city.

April 17

1861- The Virginia convention votes an ordinance of secession.

1863- Col. Benjamin H. Grierson leads a Federal cavalry raid behind Confederate
lines in Mississippi to disrupt Rebel communications with Vicksburg.

1864- Grant halts prisoner exchange, increasing the Confederate manpower

April 18

1861- Robert E. Lee is offered command of the Federal armies.

      - The Union garrison abandons Harpers Ferry.

1865- Johnston and Sherman meet near Raleigh, N.C., where they sign a broad

April 19

1861- The 6th Massachusetts Regiment clashes with a Baltimore mob.

      - Lincoln proclaims a blockade of Confederate ports from South Carolina to

April 20

1861- Lee resigns from the U.S. Army.

      - Confederates seize the abandoned Union navy yard at Norfolk, Va.

April 21

1865- President Johnson and the cabinet disapprove Sherman's armistice with
Johnston and send Grant to North Carolina.

April 22

1861- Robert E. Lee is named commander of the forces of Virginia.

April 23

1860- Democratic Presidential nominating convention meets in Charleston, S.C.

April 24

1865- Pres. Johnson disapproves terms of agreement between Gens. Sherman and
Johnston: hostilities must be resumed if there is no surrender.

April 25

1862- Flag Officer David G. Farragut captures New Orleans after successfully
passing Forts Jackson and St. Philip, which surrender three days later.

1864- Banks retires to Alexandria, La.; low water in the Red River temporarily traps
Porter's gunboats.

April 26

1865- Johnston accepts from Sherman the same surrender terms Grant offered Lee.

      - John Wilkes Booth is trapped and killed by Federal cavalry near Bowling
Green, Va.

      - The Confederate cabinet meets for the last time at Charlotte, N.C.

April 27

1861- The ports of North Carolina and Virginia are included in the blockade.

April 28

1862- At Nassau in the Bahamas, British Oreto arrives to be outfitted as
Confederate raider C.S.S. Florida.

April 29

1862- Halleck, taking over Grant's army, begins to advance on Beauregard's army at

1863- Maj. Gen. George Stoneman leads a Federal cavalry raid behind Lee's lines
in Virginia.

April 30

1863- After crossing the Rappahannock and Rapidan rivers, Hooker concentrates
his Union forces at Chancellorsville, Va.

      - Grant crosses the Mississippi River to Bruinsburg, Miss., south of Vicksburg.

1864- Steele, defeated by the Confederates at Jenkins Ferry, Ark., is forced to
withdraw to Little Rock.