Home   |   Battle Orders   |   Biographies   |   Chronology   |   Documents   |   Recipes   |   Songs   |   Links

Copyright 2004 The Civil War Zone All rights reserved.

February 1

1861- Texas secedes from the Union.

1865- Sherman begins his invasion of the Carolinas.

      - Illinois is the first state to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, abolishing slavery.

February 2

1863- Grant cuts the levee at Yazoo Pass, Miss., to open a passage for gunboats
to reach the rear of Vicksburg by way of the Yazoo River.

1864- U.S. Gunboat Underwriter is captured and set afire by Confederate navy men
near New Berne, N.C.

February 3

1807- Joseph E. Johnston (CSA) is born at "Cherry Grove," Prince Edward County,

1865- Lincoln and Seward meet the Confederate leaders Alexander H. Stephans,
R.M.T. Hunter, and J.A. Campbell in an unsuccessful peace conference at
Hampton Roads, Va., aboard the River Queen.

February 4

1861- Virginia's Peace Conference, boycotted by the Deep South, opens in

1861- First session of the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States of
America is held in Montgomery, Ala.

February 5

1864- Sherman's Federal troops march into Jackson, Miss., in route to Meridan.

February 6

1833- James Ewell Brown ("Jeb") Stuart (CSA) is born in Patrick County, Va.

1862- Grant and Flag Officer Andrew Foote lead a successful joint army-navy attack
upon Fort Henry on the Tennessee River.

1865- Robert E. Lee is appointed commander in chief of the Confederate armies.

      - John C. Breckinridge replaces James A. Seldon as Confederate Secretary of

February 7

1862- A.S. Johnston orders a Confederate retreat from southwestern Kentucky.

February 8

1820- William Tecumseh Sherman (USA) is born in Lancaster, Ohio.

1861- The Constitution for a provisional Confederate government is adopted in

1862- A Federal expedition under Brig. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside takes Roanoke
Island, N.C.

February 9

1861- Jefferson Davis and Alexander H. Stephens are elected provisional
Confederate President and Vice-President.

February 10

1862- Remainder of Confederate "Mosquito" fleet is destroyed at Elizabeth City,

February 11

1812- Alexander Hamilton Stephens, Vice-President of the Confederacy, is born in
Wilkes (Taliaferro) County, Ga.

1861- Lincoln leaves Springfield for Washington.

February 12

1809- Abraham Lincoln, 16th U.S. President, is born in Hardin County, Ky.

February 13

1861- The electoral college confirms Lincoln's election.

1862- Federal forces, under Grant, attack Fort Donelson, Tenn., on the Cumberland

February 14

1864- Sherman's Union troops capture Meridan, Miss.

February 15

1861- The Montgomery convention, acting as the provisional Confederate Congress,
passes a resolution to take Fort Sumter and Fort Pickens, Fla., by force if

1865- Heavy skirmishing occurs as Sherman's Federals continue their march
toward Columbia, S.C.

February 16

1862- 15,000 Confederate are captured as Brig. Gen. Simon B. Buckner,
unconditionally surrenders Fort Donelson to Grant.

February 17

1864- The Confederate submarine Hunley sinks the U.S.S. Housatonic off

1865- Columbia, S.C., is captured and burned; Charleston is evacuated.

February 18

1861- Jefferson Davis is inaugurated at Montgomery as provisional President if the

1865- After Fort Sumter is abandoned, Charleston surrenders to Union troops under
Brig. Gen. Alexander Schimmelfenning.

February 19

1862- New Confederate Congress orders release of 2,000 Federal prisoners of war.

February 20

1864- Union forces under Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour are defeated at the Battle of
Olustee, Fla.

      - The Pomeroy circular, a letter by Senator S. C. Pomeroy of Kansas calling
for the nomination of Secretary of the Treasury Chase instead of Lincoln, is

1865- Confederate House of Representatives authorizes the use of slaves as

February 21

1862- Confederates successfully engage Federal forces at Valverde, New Mexico

February 22

1862- Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as permanent President of the Confederate
government in Richmond.

1864- Confederate cavalry under Forrest defeats Brig. Gen. William Sooy Smith's
cavalry at Okolona, Miss.

1865- Wilmington, N.C., surrenders to Schofield.

      - Johnston is recalled to command of the Army of Tennessee to oppose
Sherman's advance in North Carolina.

February 23

1861- Lincoln arrives in Washington after a secret overnight trip from Harrisburg,
Pa., through Baltimore, due to an assassination attempt.

      - Texas voters approve secession by a wide margin.

February 24

1862- Federal troops under Gen. Nathaniel Banks occupy Harpers Ferry, Va.

February 25

1862- Federal War Department takes control of all telegraph lines to facilitate
military moves.

      - Confederates abandon Nashville, Tenn.

1863- The U.S. Congress authorizes a national banking system.

February 26

1863- Cherokee Indian National Council repeals ordinance of secession, proclaims
for the Union.

February 27

1862- Near Americus, Ga., Federal prisoners of war begin arriving at unfinished
Camp Sumter (Andersonville) prison camp.

February 28

1862- The Confederacy observes a day of fasting and prayer.