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January 1

1863- Final Emancipation Proclamation is issued by Pres. Lincoln.

January 2

1861- South Carolina troops seize old Fort Johnson in Charleston Harbor.

1863- Bragg renews his attacks on Rosecrans at the Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone
River) but is beaten off.

January 3

1861- Georgia state troops seize Fort Pulaski before Federal troops can occupy it.

1863- Bragg withdraws from Murfreesboro despite a tactical victory.

January 4

1861- Alabama takes over the U.S. arsenal at Mount Vernon.

1864- George Davis replaces Thomas Watts as Confederate Attorney General.

January 5

1861- Merchant vessel Star of the West leaves New York for Fort Sumter with
supplies and 250 troops.

January 6

1865- Gen. Grant asks Pres. Lincoln to remove Gen. Butler from command of the
Army of the James.

January 7

1863- Three blockade-runners successfully break through the Federal cordon and
arrive at Charleston, S.C.

January 8

1861- Secretary of the Interior Jacob Thompson of Mississippi resigns.

1863- John P. Usher succeeds Caleb B. Smith as U.S. Secretary of the Interior.

January 9

1861- Mississippi becomes the second state to secede from the Union.

      - South Carolina gunfire prevents the Star of the West from entering Charleston

January 10

1861- Florida becomes the third state to secede from the Union.

January 11

1861- Alabama secedes from the Union becoming the fourth state to secede.

      - Secretary of the Treasury Philip F. Thomas of Maryland resigns, completing
the Southern withdrawal from Buchanan's cabinet.

1862- Simon Cameron resigns as U.S. Secretary of War, to be replaced by Edwin
M. Stanton.

1863- Federals capture Fort Hindman on the Arkansas River.

January 12

1863- Third session of the First Confederate Congress gathers at Richmond to hear
Pres. Davis speak on the State of the Confederacy.

January 13

1863- Federal officials formally authorize the raising of Negro roops for the South
Carolina Volunteer Infantry.

January 14

1861- Louisiana state troops seize Fort Pike near New Orleans.

January 15

1862- U.S. Senate confirms the appointment of Edwin M. Stanton as Secretary of

1865- Fort Fisher falls to Union Maj. Gen. A.H. Terry, thus closing Wilmington,
N.C., the last major Confederate port.

      - Hood is relieved of command of the Army of Tennessee at his own request.

January 16

1861- Arkansas legislature completes a bill calling for referendum on secession.

January 17

1861- The Crittenden Compromise, proposing several amendments to the
Constitution in order to save the Union, is killed in the U.S. Senate.

January 18

1862- The Confederate Territory of Arizona is formed.

January 19

1807- Robert Edward Lee (CSA) is born in Stratford, Va.

1861- Georgia secedes from the Union.

      - Virginia proposes a national peace conference.

1862- Brig. Gen. George Thomas defeats the Confederates at Mill Springs (Logan's
Cross Roads), securing Union control of eastern Kentucky.

January 20

1861- Ship Island, in the Gulf of Mississippi, is taken over by secessionists.

January 21

1824- Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (CSA) is born in Clarksburg, Va.

1861- Five more Southerners, including Jefferson Davis of Mississippi, resign from
the U.S. Senate.

January 22

1864- Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans is named commander of the Federal
Department of the Missouri.

January 23

1863- Burnside's Federal army pulls back to Fredericksburg, ending its famed "mud

January 24

1861- Georgia state troops take over the U.S. arsenal at Augusta.

January 25

1825- George Edward Pickett (CSA) is born in Richmond, Va.

January 26

1861- Louisiana becomes the sixth state to secede from the Union.

1863- Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker succeeds Burnside as commander of the Army of
the Potomac.

January 27

1862- Pres. Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1, ordering Union forces to

January 28

1863- A mass meeting in St. Louis ratifies the Emancipation Proclamation.

January 29

1861- Kansas is admitted to the Union as the 34th state.

January 30

1816- Nathaniel Prentiss Banks (USA) is born in Waltham, Mass.

January 31

1865- Gen. Robert E. Lee is appointed General-in-Chief of the  Confederate Armies.

      - The U.S. Congress submits to the states the Thirteenth Amendment,
abolishing slavery.