Home   |   Battle Orders   |   Biographies   |   Chronology   |   Documents   |   Recipes   |   Songs   |   Links

Copyright 2004 The Civil War Zone All rights reserved.

June 1

1831- John Bell Hood (CSA) is born in Owningsville, Bath County, Kentucky.

1862- Robert E. Lee succeeds to command of the Confederate forces defending
Richmond as the fighting ends in Four Oaks.

1864- Lee begins to entrench at Cold Harbor, Va.; Grant takes up a position facing

June 2

1864- Battle of Cold Harbor continues.

      - Federal troops under David Hunter fight at Covington, Va., in what became
known as the Lynchburg Campaign.

June 3

1808- Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederate States of America 1861-1865, is
born in Christian County, Ky.

1861- Stephen A. Douglas dies at Chicago.

      - Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's army, invading western Virginia, routs
Confederates at Philippi.

1863- Lee launches a second invasion of the North from Fredericksburg.

1864- Grant is severely repulsed in the Cold Harbor assault; the Federals entrench
after the battle.

      - The U.S. Congress passes a National Banking Act, which provides for a
national currency.

June 4

1862- Fort Pillow, Tenn., on the Mississippi River, is evacuated by the Confederate.

1864- Johnston shifts his lines to Lost, Pine, and Brush mountains, to check
Sherman's advance.

June 5

1864- Confederate Brig. Gen. William E. "Grumble" Jones is killed in an
engagement with Federal troops in the Shenandoah Valley.

June 6

1862- Memphis, Tenn., is occupied after a Federal victory in naval battle there.

June 7

1863- Union troops burn and sack the Brierfield Plantation of Jefferson Davis and his
brother Joseph.

June 8

1862- Jackson defeats Frémont at the Battle on Cross Keys, Va.

1864- The Republicans, meeting at Baltimore, nominate Abraham Lincoln and
Andrew Johnson, a War Democrat, as Union Party candidates.

June 9

1862- Jackson defeats Shields at Port Republic, Va.

1863- As a result of a cavalry battle at Brandy Station, Va., Hooker learns of Lee's
northward advance.

June 10

1861- Federal troops are forced to withdraw after the Battle of Big Bethel, Va.

      - Napoleon III proclaims French neutrality.

1864- Forrest crushes a Federal force under Maj. Gen. S.D. Sturgis at Brice's
Crossroads, Miss.

June 11

1861- Western Virginia counties refuse to secede and set up a state government,
recognized by Washington as the loyal Virginia government.

June 12

1864- Sheridan abandons his cavalry raid on the Shenandoah Valley after repulsed
by Maj. Gen. Wade Hampton at Trevilian Station, Va.

June 13

1861- The Confederacy observes a fast day, by proclamation of Pres. Davis, to
dramatize the needed war effort.

June 14

1811- Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin is born in Litchfield,

1864- Grant, having moved his army across the Peninsula, begins to cross the
James River in order to attack Petersburg, Va.

      - Confederate Lt. Gen. Leonidas Polk is killed at Pine Mountain, Ga.

June 15

1862- Brig. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart completes a four-day reconnaissance ride around
McClellan's army.

1863- Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, leading Lee's invasion, destroys the Union garrison
at Winchester, Va.

1864- Grant's advance guard under William F. Smith fails to take the thinly held
Petersburg line.

      - C.G. Memminger resigns as Confederate Secretary of the Treasury, to be
replaced by George A. Trenholm.

June 16

1864- Beauregard abandons the Bermuda Hundred lines to repulse the Union
attacks at Petersburg.

June 17

1862- Jackson's army leaves the Shenandoah Valley to join Lee's Army of Northern
Virginia at Richmond.

1864- Lee's army reoccupies the Bermuda Hundred lines before Butler can advance.

June 18

1860- Democrats reconvene in Baltimore.

1864- Lee's troops begin to arrive in the Petersburg lines, and Grant opens the
siege of Petersburg after further assaults fail.

      - Union Maj. Gen. David Hunter, replacing Sigel in the Shenandoah Valley, is
defeated by Early at Lynchburg, Va.

June 19

1862- Slavery is abolished in U.S. territories.

1864- Johnston withdraws from Pine Mountain to Kennesaw Mountain, Ga.

      - The Confederate raider Alabama  is sunk by the U.S.S. Kearsarge  off
Cherbourg, France.

June 20

1863- By presidential proclamation, West Virginia is admitted to the Union as the
thirty-fifth state.

June 21

1863- Heavy skirmishing marks Lee's advance northward, with engagements at
several locations in Virginia and Frederick, Maryland.

June 22

1860- Anti-Douglas delegates again withdraw from the convention.

June 23

1860- Regular Democrats nominate Stephen A. Douglas and Herschel V. Johnson.
Anti-Douglas Democrats choose John C. Breckinridge and Joseph Lane.

1863- Rosecrans advances on Tullahoma to dislodge Bragg from Tennessee.

1864- A.P. Hill blocks Union troops advancing on the Weldon Railroad at

      - Early opens a Confederate offensive in the Shenandoah Valley.

June 24

1861- Two U.S. gunboats shell Confederate positions at Mathis Point, Virginia.

June 25

1862- McClellan attacks at Oak Grove, Va. Starting the Seven Days' Battles.

1863- Stuart departs on a cavalry raid, intending to ride around Hooker's army and
then screen Lee's advance into Pennsylvania.

      - A Federal mine is exploded at Vicksburg with little effect, and the attack fails.

      - Hooker begins crossing the Potomac River to check Lee's advance.

June 26

1862- Lee attacks McClellan's right wing at Mechanicsville, Va., but fails to destroy
Brig. Gen. Fitz-John Porter's corps.

      - Pope is given command of the Federal Army of Virginia, newly formed from
the commands of Frémont, McDowell, and Banks.

      - Farragut's ships start bombarding Vicksburg, Miss.

June 27

1862- General Braxton Bragg replaces Beauregard in command of the Confederate
Army of Mississippi.

      - Lee continues his attack on Porter, achieving a breakthrough at Gaines' Mill
and forcing McClellan to retreat toward the James River.

1864- Sherman's frontal assault on Kennesaw Mountain is driven back by Johnston.

June 28

1863- Maj. Gen. Jubal Early's division of Lee's army seizes York, Pa.

      - Maj. Gen. George Gordon Meade replaces Hooker as commander of the
Army of the Potomac.

June 29

1862- Lee continues his attack on the Army of the Potomac in the Battle of
Savage's Station, Va.

1863- Lee, learning that the Federals are north of the Potomac, orders his forces to
concentrate near Gettysburg, Pa.; Stuart is still absent since he left on June

June 30

1862- Lee fails to cut off McClellan's retreat at the Battle of Frayser's Farm, Va.

1864- Chase resigns as U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, to be replaced by William

1865- All eight alleged Lincoln assassination conspirators are found guilty.